Living or growing moors are rarely found in Germany due to their many years of use for agriculture and peat extraction. The enormous significance of these ecosystems for climate protection is almost completely overlooked. Moorland covers a mere three percent of the total land surface worldwide. Despite this small area, around 30 percent of terrestrial carbon is bound in these areas. This is approximately twice as much as in all the forests worldwide. Intact, i.e. peat-forming moors grow annually by about one millimetre and are thus capable of binding another 250 million metric tons of carbon dioxide from the air. In Germany, however, 95 percent of the 1.5 million hectares of moorland has already been dewatered, peat-exhausted, built upon, or used for agriculture and forestry. During drainage and the associated aeration of the peat body, it oxidises and enters into the atmosphere in the form of climate-damaging carbon dioxide (CO2).
In the course of moor renaturation, the original water level is restored in order to permanently secure the bound carbon in the soil and create suitable conditions for peat-forming plants. Therefore, moor protection programmes and renaturation projects with the aim of rehydrating the moors are not only measures to preserve native biodiversity, but also help hinder any further reduction of the peat bodies and thus significantly reduce the emission of climate-relevant gases in Germany and worldwide.
That is the reason for our commitment – for example in projects such as the Theikenmeer (Emsland), the Große Moor or Great Bog (Gifhorn), the Lichtenmoor (Nienburg, Soltau-Fallingbostel), or the Königsdorfer Weidfilz (District of Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen).